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Expert's Corner — woodfinishing

Building Period Reproduction Furniture by Glen Huey

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There is some discussion on what exactly constitutes reproduction furniture. Is it pieces built using tools and techniques that woodworkers used in the 1700s? If so, are we to pit saw the wood into planks, use hand tools for the entire build and hand scrape the surface for finish? I think not. If it were possible to bring the best furniture-makers from the 18th century into today, I expect they all would immediately favor the woodworking machines we have at our disposal, but they would continue to use hand tools where it makes the most sense. In other words, woodworkers...

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Finding Your Spray Comfort Zone

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Finding Your Spray Comfort Zone

It’s human nature, we all do it. We have a project going - whether it’s a piece we are building or a piece we are refinishing - and there is a whole bunch of time and energy in the rough stages of the project. We keep carving on it until it takes the form we had in mind. Most of the enthusiasm and excitement is used up at the front end of the project. We do wood projects because we enjoy it. Whether it is our hobby or our job, our passion for it can be a two edged sword....

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John and Apollo 700s, named for the Space Capsule

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John and Apollo 700s, named for the Space Capsule

In 1984 John brilliantly submitted independent laboratory tests to SCAQMD demonstrating that Apollo’s turbine system could produce over 80 percent transfer efficiency, which meant that 80% of the coating stayed on the work surface. Far less solvent blew out into the atmosphere. SCAQMD called it High Volume Low Pressure or HVLP. Soon California required transfer efficiency to be 65% or more. Other towns and cities followed suit. Over the years coatings became more viscous and Apollo Sprayers anticipated the changes. Turbines became more powerful. Guns became lighter and used stainless steel. More and more industries awakened to HVLP. And the...

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TIP: Lacquer Over Glaze

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As long as you are using a spray gun for application and lacquer for your finish, you don’t have to let an oil-based glaze dry overnight before applying the finish. You can do it fairly quickly, without problems. The trick is to mist some thinned lacquer onto the glaze after the thinner in the glaze has evaporated (the glaze dulls) but before the oil or varnish binder begins oxidizing and becomes tacky. Unless the glaze is thick, in which case this trick might not work, the lacquer incorporates the uncured glaze and bonds to the coat underneath. After the mist...

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Woodworking Tip: Wood Prep and the Look of a Finish

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Woodworking Tip: Wood Prep and the Look of a Finish

The way you prepare the wood for finishing, whether by sanding as most do, or by scraping or planing as some do, has no affect on the way the wood will look with the finish applied. Different finishes add more or less color to the wood, but if you aren’t staining the wood, the way you prepare it has no impact on the appearance under any single finish. Nor does the grit to which you sand the wood make any difference for the appearance with the finish applied. You can sand to120 grit or to 600 grit and you won’t...

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