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Expert's Corner — powder

TIP: Water-Based Finish Should Powder

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TIP: Water-Based Finish Should Powder

As with all finishes, you should always sand the first coat of water-based finish smooth because it always dries rough to the touch. It’s also the best policy to sand additional coats smooth after they dry to remove dust nibs and other flaws, until the last coat, which you can leave as is.Water-based finishes dry rapidly, almost as fast as the water evaporates from the finish. So the drying occurs quicker on hot or dry days and slower on cold or humid days. How do you know when the finish is dry? It powders on the sandpaper and on the...

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TIP: Staining Sapwood with Dye

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The easiest way to stain lighter-colored sapwood so it blends with the heartwood is to stain all the wood with a dye stain, as is shown on the right side of the accompanying picture of walnut. Dye is much more effective than pigment, or any commercial stain that contains a binder. You can apply the dye several times after each application has dried to get a darker color. Or, with water-soluble powder dyes, such as those from W.D. Lockwood, you can wipe over the stain with a water-damp cloth to remove some of the dye and lighten the color. You...

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TIP: Removing Wine Stains from Unfinished Wood

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Here are two methods for removing stains caused by spilled red wine on unfinished wood—for example, on a butcher-block countertop. 1.    Mix some Oxi-Clean with water to make a paste and put it on the affected area. Check after a few minutes to be sure it’s doing something. If so, leave it for a short time until the wine stain is removed.2.    Scrub the wood with a scouring powder, such as Ajax, that contains a little chlorine bleach. If either of these methods leaves a lighter spot on the wood, apply the cleaning solution to the entire surface so it...

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